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[87WashLRev139] Recalibrating Constitutional Innocence Protection

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dc.contributor.author Smith, Robert J.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-26T18:11:55Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-26T18:11:55Z
dc.date.issued 2012-03
dc.identifier.citation 87 Wash. L. Rev. 139 (2012) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0043-0617
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1773.1/1104
dc.description.abstract Robert J. Smith Visiting Assistant Professor, DePaul University College of Law. Abstract: This Article examines the constitutional nature of the right of a prisoner to receive post-conviction relief based solely on the claim that he1 is innocent. Part I explores innocence protection as an animating value of constitutional criminal procedure (Part I.A) and describes how developments in the way that crimes are investigated, proved, and reexamined have dislodged the trial from its place at the center of the constitutional criminal procedure universe (Part I.B). Part II explores how realigning the importance of innocence protection with the practical realities of our criminal justice system would impact the regulation of post-conviction procedures. It also is divided into two sections. Part II.A provides an overview of how the U.S. Supreme Court has treated innocence claims to date. First, it considers gateway innocence claims—those in which the prisoner asserts that new evidence of his factual innocence should permit substantive review of an otherwise defaulted claim that he received a constitutionally deficient trial. It also considers freestanding innocence claims—those in which a prisoner asserts that new evidence of his factual innocence warrants relief despite the fact that the conviction stemmed from a constitutionally sound trial. Part II.B articulates a three-tiered framework—conviction relief, execution relief, gateway innocence—for adjudicating such claims. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Seattle: Washington Law Review, University of Washington School of Law en_US
dc.subject Article en_US
dc.title [87WashLRev139] Recalibrating Constitutional Innocence Protection en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.holder The author retains the copyright in this article and authorizes royalty-free reproduction for nonprofit purposes, provided any such reproduction contains a customary legal citation to the Washington Law Review. en_US

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