Show simple item record Doney, Scott C. Fabry, Victoria J. Feely, Richard A. Kleypas, Joan A. 2016-07-11T19:35:28Z 2016-07-11T19:35:28Z 2016-06
dc.identifier.citation 6 Wash. J. Env. Law & Pol'y 212 (2016) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2160-4169
dc.description ANNU. REV. MAR. SCI. 2009. 1:169–92. Reproduced with permission from the Annual Review of Marine Science, Volume 1 © 2009 by Annual Reviews,, Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 2009. 1:169–92. First published online as a Review in Advance on August 29, 2009. This article’s doi: 10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163834. en_US
dc.description.abstract Scott C. Doney, Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Victoria J. Fabry, Department of Biological Sciences, California State University, San Marcos, California. Richard A. Feely, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington. Joan A. Kleypas, Institute for the Study of Society and Environment, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado. KEY WORDS: biogeochemistry, calcification, carbon dioxide, climate change, coral, ecosystem ABSTRACT: Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), primarily from human fossil fuel combustion, reduces ocean pH and causes wholesale shifts in seawater carbonate chemistry. The process of ocean acidification is well documented in field data, and the rate will accelerate over this century unless future CO2 emissions are curbed dramatically. Acidification alters seawater chemical speciation and biogeochemical cycles of many elements and compounds. One well-known effect is the lowering of calcium carbonate saturation states, which impacts shell-forming marine organisms from plankton to benthic molluscs, echinoderms, and corals. Many calcifying species exhibit reduced calcification and growth rates in laboratory experiments under high-CO2 conditions. Ocean acidification also causes an increase in carbon fixation rates in some photosynthetic organisms (both calcifying and noncalcifying). The potential for marine organisms to adapt to increasing CO2 and broader implications for ocean ecosystems are not well known; both are high priorities for future research. Although ocean pH has varied in the geological past, paleo-events may be only imperfect analogs to current conditions. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Seattle, WA: University of Washington School of Law en_US
dc.subject Article en_US
dc.subject Ocean Acidification: Understanding the Other Climate Crisis en_US
dc.subject Part I: The Reality of Ocean Acidification en_US
dc.title Ocean Acidification: The Other CO2 Problem en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.holder Copyright © 2009 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


Advanced Search


My Account