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Orwell’s 1984 and a Fourth Amendment Cybersurveillance Nonintrusion Test

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dc.contributor.author Hu, Margaret
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-05T19:23:10Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-05T19:23:10Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12
dc.identifier.citation 92 Wash. L. Rev. 1819 (2017) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0043-0617
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1773.1/1753
dc.description Volume 92, no.4, December 2017 en_US
dc.description.abstract This Article describes a cybersurveillance nonintrusion test under the Fourth Amendment that is grounded in evolving customary law to replace the reasonable expectation of privacy test formulated in Katz v. United States. To illustrate how customary law norms are shaping modern Fourth Amendment jurisprudence, this Article examines the recurrence of judicial references to George Orwell’s novel, 1984, within the Fourth Amendment context when federal courts have assessed the constitutionality of modern surveillance methods. The Supreme Court has indicated that the Fourth Amendment privacy doctrine must now evolve to impose meaningful limitations on the intrusiveness of new surveillance technologies. A cybersurveillance nonintrusion test implicitly suggested by the Supreme Court in United States v. Jones first shifts the vantage point of the Fourth Amendment analysis from an individual-based tangible harm inquiry to an inquiry of a society-wide intangible harm—whether the modern surveillance method creates a “1984 problem” for society. A cybersurveillance nonintrusion test requires the government to justify the intrusion of the surveillance on society. A new test would remediate increasingly ineffective Fourth Amendment jurisprudence currently grounded in property and tort law. The Article argues that the adoption of a cybersurveillance nonintrusion test and the abandonment of the current privacy test is not only required; but, in practice, is already used by the federal courts. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Seattle: Washington Law Review, University of Washington School of Law en_US
dc.subject Article en_US
dc.title Orwell’s 1984 and a Fourth Amendment Cybersurveillance Nonintrusion Test en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.holder Copyright 2017 by Washington Law Review Association. en_US

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