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Hangeul as a Tool of Resistance Against Forced Assimilation: Making Sense of the Framework Act on Korean Language

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dc.contributor.author Hur, Minjung (Michelle)
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-05T17:19:54Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-05T17:19:54Z
dc.date.issued 2018-06
dc.identifier.citation Cite as: Minjung (Michelle) Hur, Hangeul as a Tool of Resistance Against Forced Assimilation: Making Sense of the Framework Act on Korean Language, 27 WASH. INT’L L.J. 715 (2018). en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2377-0872
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1773.1/1829
dc.description Washington International Law Journal, Volume 27, Number 3, June 2018 en_US
dc.description.abstract Abstract: Language policies that mandate a government use a single language may seem controversial and unconstitutional. English-only policies are often seen as xenophobic and discriminatory. However, that may not be the case for South Korea’s Framework Act on Korean Language, which mandates the use of the Korean alphabet, Hangeul, for official documents by government institutions. Despite the resemblance between the Framework Act on Korean Language and English-only policies, the Framework Act should be understood differently than English-only policies because the Hangeul-only movement has an inverse history to English-only movements. English-only movements have a history of using English as a tool to force assimilation. In contrast, Hangeul has a history of being a tool of resistance against forced assimilation perpetrated by the Japanese colonial government. Japanese colonizers attempted to eliminate the Korean language by forcing Japanese as the national language of Korea, removing Korean language arts as a subject from school curricula, and punishing those who still retained Korean. As an act of independence and autonomy, Korean scholars continued to study and develop Hangeul and the Korean language. This historical context of Hangeul demonstrates one perspective in understanding the Framework Act on Korean Language and its constitutionality differently than English-only policies in the United States. However, the dangers of discrimination arising from the Framework Act on Korean Language cannot be ignored. Thus, this Comment also examines the law’s discriminatory effect as Korea’s foreign population continues to grow. en_US
dc.language
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Washington International Law Journal Association, University of Washington School of Law, Seattle, Washington en_US
dc.subject Comment en_US
dc.title Hangeul as a Tool of Resistance Against Forced Assimilation: Making Sense of the Framework Act on Korean Language en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.holder Compilation © 2018 Washington International Law Journal Association en_US


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